Pharyngitis – is an inflammation of pharyngeal mucosa. Usually, pharyngitis itself is not considered to be serious disease, however, quite often it is the pharyngitis that gives start to catarrhal diseases, and at the same time, chronic pharyngitis may become an unpleasant complication of various respiratory diseases.
Cough in children
Cough – is a reflex reaction to throat choke, which may be caused by foreign body or dust, development of an infectious disease, an allergic reaction. The options of cough vary widely depending on the causes of cough, and sometimes an experienced physician may preliminarily outline the range of predictable diagnoses on the base of cough. Light permanent cough must never be underestimated, any cough attacks should be considered as a reason to seek medical advice.
Bronchial asthma – is the attacks of asphyxia due to narrowing of bronchial tubes lumen, usually periodic ones, arising under the influence of a number of factors. In case of asthma the intake of breath is usually made slowly, and respiratory difficulty occurs mainly on the exhale. Asthma threatens significant health problems up to the possibility of fatal outcome in case of respiratory standstill. Asthma often develops in early childhood, but can occur in adolescence, as well as in adults.
BRONCHOPULMONARY DISEASES IN CHILDREN
The asthma core is the congenital tendency to hypersensitivity of bronchopulmonary system, manifested through reaction to various stimuli of chemical, bacterial or mental character. Under the influence of stimuli bronchi and bronchioles are convulsively narrowing. The disease is characterized by noisy hissing respiration, sibilant rale in lungs, especially on exhale, short breath. In case of disease there emerge the signs of respiratory failure, bluish discoloration of nasolabial triangle, nose alae, ear auricle, fingertips and severe cough.
Respiratory gymnastics: air must be fresh.
In order to maintain health, the inhabitant of modern city must master simple methods of physical and emotional discharge that may be applied almost always and everywhere in no time at all. First of all you should learn to breathe correctly. The rhythm of breathing and the frequency of inspirations and expirations may vary with different emotional states – due to irritation the respiration becomes frequent, shallow and uneven, and in case of relaxation and delving into own thoughts – slow, calm and deep.
DERMATOLOGICAL CONDITIONS IN CHILDREN
Significant influence of genetic disposition is manifested through reaction of skin to various stimuli and effects: some infants may lie in the dirty diapers for hours, without experiencing the slightest inconvenience. In others, notwithstanding special care, there emerge diaper rush, eczema, irritation, etc. Herewith, the breast-fed infants are no exception. They may also have Crusta Lactea that is the sign of exudative diathesis (special disposition to disease).