The modern concept of the use of natural remedies for health and health care is the most cautious mode of action, without abrupt and stressful interference with the natural processes of the body (except, of course, when necessary).
The spread of WELLNESS ideas and techniques of spa procedures using exclusive natural cosmetics, a return to methods of balance maintenance in the body through simple gymnastics and breathing exercises, an individual approach to any problems and ailments – all these different aspects of medicine, the beauty industry, fi culture and sport bring a resident of a modern city to a simple and effective complex of care and self-care.
Speleotherapy and halotherapy (as a result of the development of speleotherapy techniques) as described and clinically confirmed methods of physiotherapy have received their recognition and spread relatively recently, but the treatment of curative air caves – a long, rich history.
Prehistoric times are often associated with a modern man with caves. In our caves, our ancestors inhabited, the caves were used both as a shelter, and as a repository, and as a source of useful substances and minerals. In a series of caves in Europe, archaeological research has found that Neolithic inhabitants built saltwater caves for special places to collect water saturated with various salts and minerals. It is supposed that even then our ancestors were known for its medicinal properties.
Procedures for staying in salt caves were used by doctors in Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. Despite the favourable climate in the Mediterranean, the inhabitants of Antiquity often suffered from epidemics and outbreaks of infectious diseases. Staying in salt caves, as believed (partly fair), protects against infection and contributes to the recovery in cases of severe chronic diseases. The cult of wellness procedures and body care spread widely in antiquity, therefore, halotherapy was well-known and used wherever there were natural conditions.
The healing power of air in mountain caves was known to doctors of ancient Eastern civilizations. An episode with the enchanting healing of soldiers in the cave with miraculous crystals is present in the ancient Indian epic Ramayana. The warriors, exhausted by the pursuit of the crafty kidnappers of the divine children of Rama and Sita, stopped for a rest in a cave where water from an underground source and unusual air quickly healed their wounds and restored the forces necessary for a successful pursuit of pursuit.
The caves in the Middle Ages gained the glory of places, one way or another associated with some kind of dark forces. And at the same time, the legends of the magic stones in the caves, which give an extraordinary power at the touch, tales of wonderful witch healing in the caves, myths about the various invincible monsters living in the caves, often bring to the audience the idea that the caves themselves have some mysterious power to heal and help in healing.
The gradual development of medicine and the study of physicians’ accumulated experience has made hydrotherapy and healing treatment of some of the most popular and sought-after health treatments in the second half of the 19th century. The development of speleotherapy, hydropathy, the study of the properties of mineral springs and saturated saline particles of air has allowed identifying the diseases that are most effectively treated by the air of caves and water from natural sources. The first places are diseases of the lungs and the entire respiratory system. Symptoms of an incurable TB at that time, mysterious bronchial asthma are successfully treated with speleoprocedures. Arthritis, inflammation of joints and muscles, diseases of the musculoskeletal system confidently occupy the second place in the list of indications for the therapy of air by salt caves. Not immediately, but it becomes an apparent improvement in the state of patients with various forms of metabolic disorders and gynaecological diseases after therapy in salt caves.
The sad and military times of the twentieth century hampered the development of health-improving medicine, contributing to the rapid growth of knowledge in the field of surgery and the treatment of severe injuries. Nevertheless, during the Second World War, German doctors were noticed and professionally documented that staying in a bomb shelter, equipped with one of the karst caves of Westphalia, favourably affects the state of patients with bronchial asthma and other diseases of the respiratory system. After the war, these karst caves began to be used for systematic medical research and observation.
Since the mid-1950s, climatotherapy, including procedures in salt caves, is becoming a commonly used method of prevention and treatment of a number of diseases. Hungary, Bulgaria, Austria, Slovakia, Poland open sanatoriums and spa clinics, which use the effect of salt caves. A number of scientific and clinical medical institutes are beginning to study the influence of air on the human body of the sylvinite caves. In the Soviet Union, research is carried out at the Adler Climate Station, in Transcarpathia, in the Urals.
In the last quarter of the twentieth century, artificial chambers simulating the climate of salt caves began to be used. Wellness halotherapy has become possible for residents of large cities and metropolises. In conditions of marked pollution of atmospheric air, it became especially apparent that the favourable complex influence of the courses of stay in the salt room on the human body.